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Proceedings Paper

Stimulated Raman diagnostics in diesel droplets
Author(s): Michael Golombok
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Paper Abstract

Stimulated Raman spectroscopy (SRS) can simultaneously measure droplet sizes and the associated component concentrations in a fuel injection. As spray evaporation is crucial in determining the performance parameters of a diesel engine, such as cold start and particulate emission formation, the new application of the method for spatially and temporally resolved measurements is a useful new diagnostic, extending our understanding of spray processes. Droplet sizes can be obtained from single shot SRS spectra by measuring the separation between morphology-dependent resonances (MDR) that correspond to standing wave modes confined near the droplet circumference. Power spectrum analysis allows the measurement of more than one droplet from a spectrum using a pumped laser sheet in the fuel spray. The MDRs are responsible for the simultaneous stimulation of multiple Raman spectral lines over and above those seen in bulk liquids. The SRS method for concentration measurement is effectively self-calibrating in that the relative intensity of two adjacent lines is used to measure concentration. Any particular fuel has a unique ratio of SRS antisymmetric to symmetric C-H stretch intensity. If individual components in a fuel blend are characterized beforehand, one can monitor the evolution of the spray during injection by measuring signal intensity ratios which yield the volume fraction of the component of interest. The SRS technique is being used to examine a number of spray dynamics phenomena such as fuel atomization, droplet evolution and front-end volatility effects, which are of current interest in diesel development studies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 1991
PDF: 20 pages
Proc. SPIE 1497, Nonlinear Optics and Materials, (1 September 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.46767
Show Author Affiliations
Michael Golombok, Shell Research Ltd. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1497:
Nonlinear Optics and Materials
Cyrus D. Cantrell; Charles M. Bowden, Editor(s)

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