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Proceedings Paper

Process bias control with thin Cr film blanks for 90-nm-node reticle fabrication
Author(s): Yukihiro Sato; Hitoshi Handa; Yasuyuki Kushida; Satoru Asai; Hiroshi Maruyama; Yutaka Miyahara; Minoru Naito; Ryugo Hikichi; Yoji Kawasaki; Hiroyuki Miyashita; Shigeru Noguchi
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Paper Abstract

For today’s advanced reticle production, process bias should be reduced as possible, and be “zero” ideally, because of its negative impacts on CD control and pattern fidelity against minute features. In this paper, blanks with Cr film thinner than 100 nm were examined as promising materials to meet this demand. Results from two aspects, reticle production and lithographic performance, are presented. Dry etching properties such as etching bias, CD Linearity, impact on pattern-pitch were investigated. Thin Cr film blanks showed excellent results in process bias less than 50 % of conventional ones with proper etching conditions. They also showed about 50 %’s decrease of etching bias variations for pattern-pitch with smaller CD error in CD Linearity at the same time. Results of aerial image simulations showed possibilities of them as substitute of conventional binary blanks in ArF lithography. There was no impact of Cr film thinning on depth of focus and optical proximity effect with optimized exposure condition. These experimental results imply that Cr film thickness plays an important role to decide the qualities of reticle CD. Thinner Cr film blanks have capability to realize a 90 nm-node reticle with minimized process bias enough to produce fine OPC features.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 December 2002
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4889, 22nd Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology, (27 December 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.467497
Show Author Affiliations
Yukihiro Sato, Fujitsu Ltd. (Japan)
Hitoshi Handa, Fujitsu Ltd. (Japan)
Yasuyuki Kushida, Fujitsu Ltd. (Japan)
Satoru Asai, Fujitsu Ltd. (Japan)
Hiroshi Maruyama, Fujitsu Ltd. (Japan)
Yutaka Miyahara, Fujitsu Ltd. (Japan)
Minoru Naito, Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Ryugo Hikichi, Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Yoji Kawasaki, Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Hiroyuki Miyashita, Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Shigeru Noguchi, Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4889:
22nd Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology
Brian J. Grenon; Kurt R. Kimmel, Editor(s)

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