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Proceedings Paper

Application of composite invisible image watermarks to simplify detection of a distinct watermark from a large set
Author(s): Gordon W. Braudaway; Frederick C. Mintzer
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Paper Abstract

Earlier, we presented a highly robust invisible watermarking technique for digitized images having a payload of one bit - indicating the presence or absence of the watermark. Other invisible watermarking techniques also possess this property. This family of techniques may be used to watermark a source image with distinct marks, perhaps to indicate the identity of the recipient, resulting in a set of many near-copies of the source image. Then, the problem of detecting a distinct watermark in an image from the set may imply attempting detection of all possible watermarks. In this paper we will present a technique using composite watermarks which reduces the number of attempts necessary for distinct watermark detection. If the number of images in the set is m to the power n, then the number of attempted detections is never more than m times n. Thus, for m=10 and n=3, a set of 1000 distinctly watermarked near-copies can be produced, but instead of 1000 attempted detection's to insure identification of a particular watermark, only thirty are required. The techniques used for constructing composite watermarks will be detailed and limitations of this approach will be discussed. Results of a successful detection of a distinct watermark from a large set will be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4675, Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IV, (29 April 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.465315
Show Author Affiliations
Gordon W. Braudaway, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Ctr. (United States)
Frederick C. Mintzer, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4675:
Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IV
Edward J. Delp; Ping Wah Wong, Editor(s)

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