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Proceedings Paper

Capacity improvement for a blind symbolic music score watermarking technique
Author(s): Martin Schmucker
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Paper Abstract

Current music score watermarking techniques either lack in robustness or in capacity: While embedding data into staff lines guarantees a certain payload, modulation of the staff lines' thickness can be attacked using image processing techniques. Changing properties of musical symbols is more robust. But, the number of musical symbols limits the payload. Therefore, we propose the following method: The staff lines' distances are used as a carrier signal for embedding information. Changes are applied by using an image warping technique to reduce artifacts. Image warping techniques can also be applied locally to music symbols to change their properties, e.g. their horizontal distance or their width. Thus, quality improves. Furthermore, musical symbols doesn't have to be recognized. It is sufficient to cluster the symbols according to their properties and to treat symbols of the same cluster equally. The described method guarantees a minimum payload and increased robust. The application of image warping techniques reduces visible distortion. The results are visual appealing music scores. Capacity improvement can be achieved by applying the proposed methods to music symbols.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4675, Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IV, (29 April 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.465277
Show Author Affiliations
Martin Schmucker, Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Graphische Datenverarbeitung (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4675:
Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IV
Edward J. Delp; Ping Wah Wong, Editor(s)

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