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Proceedings Paper

Extracting information about vegetation seasons in Africa from Pathfinder AVHRR NDVI imagery using temporal filtering and least-squares fits to asymmetric Gaussian functions
Author(s): Lars Eklundh; Per-Georg Jonsson
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Paper Abstract

Time-series of NASA/NOAA Pathfinder AVHRR Land (PAL) data have been analysed to extract parameters describing the seasonality of vegetation in Africa. Two methods have been developed to fit smooth curves to the time-series. The first method is based on an adaptive Savitzky-Golay filtering technique, and the second on non-linear least-squares fits of asymmetric Gaussian model functions. Both processing methods involve a preliminary definition of the number and timing of growing seasons using a least-squares fit of sinusoidal functions and a second order polynomial. The fit to the sinusoidal functions is used to determine the type of seasonal pattern (uni-modal or bi-modal) and to obtain starting values for the non-linear Gaussian function fits to the data. The processing incorporates qualitative information on cloudiness from the CLAVR dataset. The resulting smooth curves are used for defining parameters describing the growing seasons. The method has been applied to PAL NDVI data, and resulting imagery have been generated that show parameters such as beginnings and ends of seasons, seasonal integrated NDVI, seasonal amplitudes etc. The results indicate that the two methods complement each other and that they may be suitable in different areas depending on the behaviour of the NDVI signal.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4885, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing VIII, (13 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.463117
Show Author Affiliations
Lars Eklundh, Lund Univ. (Sweden)
Per-Georg Jonsson, Lund Univ. (Sweden)
Malmoe Univ. (Sweden)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4885:
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing VIII
Sebastiano B. Serpico, Editor(s)

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