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Proceedings Paper

Nondestructive evaluation of soil hardness using elevated focused-beam radar
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents a non-destructive procedure to determine the surface hardness of the soil using an elevated radar system equipped with a focused-beam antenna. The complete system consists ofthe focused beam antenna, a network analyzer, a computer, and control software that process the data. The surface dielectric constant calculated from the radar data based on reflection measurement was compared with the surface hardness measured directly from a homemade hardness meter. A sand pit was used as test bed that was frozen by liquid nitrogen. It was found that there is a simple and direct relationship between the surface hardness and the measured dielectric constant in our case.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 April 2002
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 4758, Ninth International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar, (12 April 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.462263
Show Author Affiliations
Matthew B. Higgins, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)
Chi-Chih Chen, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4758:
Ninth International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar
Steven Koppenjan; Hua Lee, Editor(s)

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