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Proceedings Paper

GPR investigations at Qumran, Israel: site of the Dead Sea Scrolls discovery
Author(s): Harry M. Jol; M. Broshi; H. Eshel; R. A. Freund; J. F. Shroder Jr.; P. Reeder; R. Dubay
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Paper Abstract

The Dead Sea Scrolls are one of the greatest manuscript discoveries of the twentieth century. Since 1947 the Qumran region, the site of the Scrolls discovery on the northwestern shores of the Dead Sea, Israel, has been subject to countless probes. In 2001, ground penetrating radar (GPR) was used in an expedition that was initiated to better understand the Qumran site. Primarily, GPR was used to aid in identifying unmarked graves in the Qumran cemetery, and secondly, to determine if there were more caves in the marl cliffs that might contain artifacts associated with Qumran. In regards to the first GPR objective, two patterns emerged as burial signatures - a hyperbolic feature and/or a "V" shape. An extensive GPR survey was conducted along the outer edges of the presently exposed cemetery as well as empty patches of ground within the present cemetery. Over 100 potential graves were located that did not show surficial expressions. The second objective was achieved by running GPR surveys along the cliff faces and tops. Two sites were then chosen for excavation based on GPR images that showed hyperbolic features between 0.5 and 1 .0 m depth. Artifacts were recovered at one site.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 April 2002
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 4758, Ninth International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar, (12 April 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.462202
Show Author Affiliations
Harry M. Jol, Univ. of Wisconsin/Eau Claire (United States)
M. Broshi, Israel Museum (Israel)
H. Eshel, Bar Ilan Univ. (Israel)
R. A. Freund, Univ. of Hartford (United States)
J. F. Shroder Jr., Univ. of Nebraska/Omaha (United States)
P. Reeder, Univ. of Nebraska/Omaha (United States)
R. Dubay, Univ. of California/Irvine (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4758:
Ninth International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar
Steven Koppenjan; Hua Lee, Editor(s)

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