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Proceedings Paper

Author(s): Arvind N. Parmar; Christoph Winkler; Paul Barr; Lars Hansson; Erik Kuulkers; Rudolph Much; Astrid Orr
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Paper Abstract

INTEGRAL is ESA's next gamma-ray astronomy mission and is set for launch on 2002 October 17, from Baikonur on a Russian Proton rocket into a 72 hour orbit with an apogee of 150,000 km and a perigee of 10,000 km. INTEGRAL will study some of the most extreme objects in the Universe such as black holes, neutron stars and the mysterious gamma-ray bursts, the most energetic explosions known. The payload consists of two gamma-ray telescopes - SPI, or Spectrometer on INTEGRAL, which will measure gamma-ray energies very precisely and IBIS, or Imager on Board the INTEGRAL Satellite, which will provide very fine images. The sensitivity of INTEGRAL is extended to lower energies by x-ray and optical monitors - the Joint European X-ray Monitor and the Optical Monitoring Camera. The improved imaging and spectral capabilities of INTEGRAL compared to previous gamma-ray missions, as well as the board-band monitoring will provide the scientific community with an unprecedented opportunity to investigate the nature of the extreme Universe.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 March 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4851, X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy, (11 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.461745
Show Author Affiliations
Arvind N. Parmar, European Space Agency/ESTEC (Netherlands)
Christoph Winkler, European Space Agency/ESTEC (Netherlands)
Paul Barr, European Space Agency/ESTEC (Netherlands)
Lars Hansson, European Space Agency/ESTEC (Netherlands)
Erik Kuulkers, European Space Agency/ESTEC (Netherlands)
Rudolph Much, European Space Agency/ESTEC (Netherlands)
Astrid Orr, European Space Agency/ESTEC (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4851:
X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy
Joachim E. Truemper; Harvey D. Tananbaum, Editor(s)

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