Proceedings PaperTemperature dependence of the graybody approximation to emissivity for some common materials
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Modern infrared imaging radiometric cameras typically measure over a nominal waveband within one of two atmospheric windows, 8-12 or 3-5 micrometers. As such, they must assume targets are graybodies to calculate their temperatures. The IR camera can be used to measure target emissivity, enhancing the integrity of the graybody approximation, at least near the temperature at which the emissivity was measured. For realbodies, spectrally nonuniform emitters, the graybody emissivity approximation will be temperature dependent. This paper models the graybody emissivity temperature dependence for a variety of materials whose emissivity may be easily measured near room temperature whilst the application temperatures may be several hundred degrees Celsius.