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Proceedings Paper

First-light adaptive optics system for large binocular telescope
Author(s): Simone Esposito; Andrea Tozzi; Debora Ferruzzi; Marcel Carbillet; Armando Riccardi; Luca Fini; Christophe Verinaud; Matteo Accardo; Guido Brusa; Daniele Gallieni; Roberto Biasi; Carlo Baffa; Valdemaro Biliotti; Italo Foppiani; Alfio Puglisi; Roberto Ragazzoni; Piero Ranfagni; Paolo Stefanini; Piero Salinari; Walter Seifert; Jesper Storm
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Paper Abstract

The paper describes the design of the single conjugate Adaptive Optics system to be installed on the LBT telescope. This system will be located in the Acquisition, Guiding and Wavefront sensor unit (AGW) mounted at the front bent Gregorian focus of LBT. Two innovative key features of this system are the Adaptive Secondary Mirror and the Pyramid Wavefront Sensor. The secondary provides 672 actuators wavefront correction available at the various foci of LBT. Due to the adaptive secondary mirror there is no need to optically conjugate the pupil on the deformable mirror. This allows having a very short sensor optical path made up using small dimension refractive optics. The overall AO system has a transmission of 70 % and fits in a rectangle of about 400×320mm. The pyramid sensor allows having different pupil sampling using on-chip binning of the detector. Main pupil samplings for the LBT system are 30×30, 15×15 and 10×10. Reference star acquisition is obtained moving the wavefront sensor unit in a field of view of 3×2 arcmin. Computer simulations of the overall system performance show the good correction achievable in J, H, and K. In particular, in our configuration, the limiting magnitude of pyramid sensor results more than one magnitude fainter with respect to Shack- Hartmann sensor. This feature directly translates in an increased sky coverage that is, in K band, about doubled with respect to the same AO system using a Shack-Hartmann sensor.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 February 2003
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4839, Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, (7 February 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.458866
Show Author Affiliations
Simone Esposito, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Andrea Tozzi, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Debora Ferruzzi, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Marcel Carbillet, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Armando Riccardi, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Luca Fini, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Christophe Verinaud, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Matteo Accardo, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Guido Brusa, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Daniele Gallieni, ADS International S.r.l. (Italy)
Roberto Biasi, Microgate S.r.l. (Italy)
Carlo Baffa, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Valdemaro Biliotti, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Italo Foppiani, Univ. degli Studi di Bologna (Italy)
Alfio Puglisi, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Roberto Ragazzoni, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Piero Ranfagni, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Paolo Stefanini, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Piero Salinari, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri (Italy)
Walter Seifert, Landessternwarte Heidelberg (Germany)
Jesper Storm, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4839:
Adaptive Optical System Technologies II
Peter L. Wizinowich; Domenico Bonaccini, Editor(s)

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