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Proceedings Paper

Wavelets for ultrasonic echo identification in aircraft fuel tanks
Author(s): Mokhtar Sadok
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Paper Abstract

Recently, Goodrich Corp.- Fuels and Utility systems Division, has launched a research effort to investigate various sensing and computing techniques to gauge fuel in commercial and military aircrafts. Ultrasonics are among other techniques that were tested for such purpose. Generally, in ultrasonic fuel measurement systems, a transducer is excited to create sonic bursts into fuel and measure reflected echo off the fuel surface. A fixed target or pin is usually disposed at a fixed and predetermined distance from the ultrasonic transducer within the tank so as to compute the speed of sound through across fuel in the tank. Knowing the speed of sound in fuel and being able to measure the round trip time from when an ultrasonic burst is generated until its reflected off the fuel surface, the fuel height may be calculated. With a priori knowledge of the tank geometry, the fuel quantity can be estimated. This measurement process seems straightforward. A problem however is being able to discriminate between echoes reflected off various objects within the tank. In particular, it is crucial to discriminate among echoes reflected off various objects within the tank. In particular, it is crucial to discriminate among echoes reflected off the fuel surface and echoes reflected off other object withhin the tank, like the fixed target or tank sides. This paper presents a discrimination method based on wavelets to assign various ultrasonic echoes to their appropriate reflective surfaces.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2002
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 4738, Wavelet and Independent Component Analysis Applications IX, (8 March 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.458770
Show Author Affiliations
Mokhtar Sadok, BFGoodrich Aerospace (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4738:
Wavelet and Independent Component Analysis Applications IX
Harold H. Szu; James R. Buss, Editor(s)

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