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Proceedings Paper

Search for large-scale coincidences in network observation of extensive air showers
Author(s): Nobuaki Ochi; A. Iyono; Hitoomi Kimura; Takeharu Konishi; Takao Nakatsuka; Soji Ohara; Nobusuke Takahashi; Shuhei Tsuji; Tomonori Wada; Isao Yamamoto; Yoshihiko Yamashita; Yukio Yanagimoto
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Paper Abstract

Large-scale coincidences of extensive air showers (EAS) have been searched for with the aim of detecting signals from extreme short bursts of any point source in the universe. In this analysis, the network observation of EAS by distant stations is elaborately treated as a 'cosmic ray interferometer'. Each station is independently operating, but the Global Positioning System provides accurate time stamps to compare arrival times of EAS among the stations. Signals from burst activities can be extracted out of a sea of background cosmic rays in two steps: (i) picking out EAS pairs with very small arrival time differences and angular distances, (ii) examining the interference between the EAS pair based on the arrival time difference and the station distance. Datasets collected simultaneously by five stations of the Large Area Air Shower (LAAS) group during 1996--2002 were analyzed in this paper. We found three EAS pairs (Ε≈1014-16eV) with extremely small arrival time differences (~100μs) and very small angular distances (≤10°). Arrival directions of two EAS pairs out of the three pointed to the Crab Nebula, suggesting that they were induced by a bundle of ultra-high-energy γ-rays from extreme short bursts of the object. However, the significances of them are not enough yet.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4858, Particle Astrophysics Instrumentation, (3 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.458180
Show Author Affiliations
Nobuaki Ochi, Okayama Univ. of Science (Japan)
A. Iyono, Okayama Univ. of Science (Japan)
Hitoomi Kimura, Okayama Univ. of Science (Japan)
Takeharu Konishi, Kinki Univ. (Japan)
Takao Nakatsuka, Okayama Shoka Univ. (Japan)
Soji Ohara, Nara Univ. of Industry (Japan)
Nobusuke Takahashi, Hirosaki Univ. (Japan)
Shuhei Tsuji, Kawasaki Medical School (Japan)
Tomonori Wada, Okayama Univ. (Japan)
Isao Yamamoto, Okayama Univ. of Science (Japan)
Yoshihiko Yamashita, Okayama Univ. (Japan)
Yukio Yanagimoto, Okayama Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4858:
Particle Astrophysics Instrumentation
Peter W. Gorham, Editor(s)

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