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Proceedings Paper

Atmospheric-induced wavefront distortion and compensation on large-aperture millimeter-wave telescopes
Author(s): Luca Olmi
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Paper Abstract

In the troposphere water vapor plays a fundamental role in radio propagation. The refractivity of water vapor is about 20 times greater in the radio range than in near-infrared or optical regimes. As a consequence, phase fluctuations at frequencies higher than about 1 GHz are predominantly caused by fluctuations in the distribution of water vapor. On filled-aperture telescopes radio seeing shows up as an anomalous refraction (AR), i.e. an apparent displacement of a radio source from its true position. The magnitude of this effect, as a fraction of the beam width, is bigger on larger telescopes. I will thus present a model study of AR effects, obtained producing numerical simulations of two-dimensional phase screens. I will finally discuss the basic concept and requirements of a tip-tilt compensation system at millimeter wavelengths, and will also describe a proposed design based on a scanning microwave radiometer as a wave front sensing device.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 January 2003
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4840, Future Giant Telescopes, (30 January 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.457968
Show Author Affiliations
Luca Olmi, Univ. of Puerto Rico (United States)
Istituto di Radioastronomia/CNR (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4840:
Future Giant Telescopes
J. Roger P. Angel; Roberto Gilmozzi, Editor(s)

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