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Proceedings Paper

Air-assisted ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for nanoparticles synthesis
Author(s): Shirley C. Tsai; Yu L. Song; C. Y. Chen; T. Kuan Tseng; Chen S. Tsai
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents new findings regarding the effects of precursor drop size and concentration on product particle size and morphology in ultrasonic spray pyrolysis of zirconium hydroxyl acetate solutions. Large precursor drops (diameter >30μm) generated by ultrasonic atomization at 120kHz yielded particles with holes. Precursor drops 6-9 μm in diameter, generated by an ultrasonic nebulizer at 1.65MHz and 23.5W electric drive power, yielded uniform spherical particles 150nm in diameter under proper control of heating rate and precursor concentration. Moreover, air-assisted ultrasonic spray pyrolysis at 120kHz and 2.3W yielded spherical particles of which nearly half were smaller than those produced by the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis of the 6-9 μm precursor drops, desprite the much larger precursor drop sizes (28 μm peak diameter versus 7 μm mean diameter). These particles are much smaller than those predicted by the conventional one particle per drop mechanism, suggesting that a vapor condensation mechanism may also be involved in spray pyrolysis. It may be concluded that through this new mechanism air-assisted ultrasonic spray pyrolysis can become a viable process for mass production of nanoparticles.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 November 2002
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 4807, Physical Chemistry of Interfaces and Nanomaterials, (15 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.457571
Show Author Affiliations
Shirley C. Tsai, Institute for Applied Science and Engineering Research and California State Univ. (Taiwan)
Yu L. Song, Institute for Applied Science and Engineering Research (Taiwan)
C. Y. Chen, Institute for Applied Science and Engineering Research (Taiwan)
T. Kuan Tseng, Institute for Applied Science and Engineering Research (Taiwan)
Chen S. Tsai, Institute for Applied Science and Engineering Research (Taiwan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4807:
Physical Chemistry of Interfaces and Nanomaterials
Jin Z. Zhang; Zhong L. Wang, Editor(s)

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