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Proceedings Paper

Hole injection energetics at highly conducting polymer anode: small molecule interfaces studied with photoemission spectroscopy
Author(s): Antti Johannes Maekinen; W. H. Kim; Ian G. Hill; Ranganathan Shashidhar; Nikolay Nikolov; Zakya H. Kafafi
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Paper Abstract

We report a photoemission study of the interfaces between spin-cast films of a new variation of a polymer blend consisting of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxy-thiophene) (PEDOT) and poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) and glycerol as an additive, and vacuum-evaporated hole transport layers (HTL) of 4,4'-bis(carbazol-9-yl)biphenyl (CBP),N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(1-naphthyl)-1-1'biphenyl-4,4'di amine (NPD) and N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-bis(3methylphenyl)-1,1'-biphenyl-4,4'-dia mine (TPD). The hole injection barrier, as deduced from photoemission spectroscopy, is 0.5 - 0.9 eV at the PEDOT-PSS / HTL interface, which compares very well with the previously reported barrier heights for oxygen plasma -treated indium-tin oxide (ITO)/NPD and ITO/TPD interfaces, and which is, most notably, a factor of two smaller than barriers measured for a PEDOT-PSS/hole-transporting luminescent polymer, e.g. poly(bis-(2-dimethyloctylsilyl)-1,4-phenylvinylene, interface. The measured energy barriers imply a sufficiently efficient charge injection at the studied PEDOT-PSS/HTL interface, which is very encouraging for further development of anode structures based on similar conducting polymer blends and chemically modified structures to be utilized in molecular organic light-emitting device applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2002
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 4464, Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices V, (27 February 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.457473
Show Author Affiliations
Antti Johannes Maekinen, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
W. H. Kim, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Ian G. Hill, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Ranganathan Shashidhar, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Nikolay Nikolov, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Zakya H. Kafafi, Naval Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4464:
Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices V
Zakya H. Kafafi, Editor(s)

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