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Proceedings Paper

Microphotonic sensors for the rapid detection of the presence of explosive gas mixtures
Author(s): Kevin L. McNesby; Andrzej W. Miziolek
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Paper Abstract

A first generation, microphotonic sensor for rapid (10 ms response time) measurement of vapors from the hydrocarbon-based fuels JP-8, DF-2, and gasoline has been developed at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory. This sensor is based upon a previously reported laser mixing technique that uses two tunable diode lasers emitting in the near-infrared spectral region to measure concentrations of gases having unstructured absorption spectra. The fiber-mixed laser beam consists of two wavelengths, one of which is absorbed by the fuel vapor, and one of which is not absorbed. By sinusoidally modulating the power of the two lasers at the same frequency but 180 degrees out of phase, a sinusoidal signal is generated at the detector (when the target gas is present in the line of sight). The signal amplitude, measured using standard phase sensitive detection techniques, is proportional to fuel vapor concentration. A second generation sensor, designed to measure the full envelope of the first overtone C-H vibrations in middle distillate fuels is currently being developed. Both sensors are described. Limits of detection using the first generation sensor are reported for vapors of the three fuels studied.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 February 2002
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 4577, Vibrational Spectroscopy-based Sensor Systems, (22 February 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.455744
Show Author Affiliations
Kevin L. McNesby, Army Research Lab. (United States)
Andrzej W. Miziolek, Army Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4577:
Vibrational Spectroscopy-based Sensor Systems
Steven D. Christesen; Arthur J. Sedlacek, Editor(s)

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