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Proceedings Paper

Improving subjective pattern recognition in chemical senses through reduction of nonlinear effects in evaluation of sparse data
Author(s): Amir H. Assadi; Firooz Rasouli; Susan E. Wrenn; M. Subbiah
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Paper Abstract

Artificial neural network models are typically useful in pattern recognition and extraction of important features in large data sets. These models are implemented in a wide variety of contexts and with diverse type of input-output data. The underlying mathematics of supervised training of neural networks is ultimately tied to the ability to approximate the nonlinearities that are inherent in network’s generalization ability. The quality and availability of sufficient data points for training and validation play a key role in the generalization ability of the network. A potential domain of applications of neural networks is in analysis of subjective data, such as in consumer science, affective neuroscience and perception of chemical senses. In applications of ANN to subjective data, it is common to rely on knowledge of the science and context for data acquisition, for instance as a priori probabilities in the Bayesian framework. In this paper, we discuss the circumstances that create challenges for success of neural network models for subjective data analysis, such as sparseness of data and cost of acquisition of additional samples. In particular, in the case of affect and perception of chemical senses, we suggest that inherent ambiguity of subjective responses could be offset by a combination of human-machine expert. We propose a method of pre- and post-processing for blind analysis of data that that relies on heuristics from human performance in interpretation of data. In particular, we offer an information-theoretic smoothing (ITS) algorithm that optimizes that geometric visualization of multi-dimensional data and improves human interpretation of the input-output view of neural network implementations. The pre- and post-processing algorithms and ITS are unsupervised. Finally, we discuss the details of an example of blind data analysis from actual taste-smell subjective data, and demonstrate the usefulness of PCA in reduction of dimensionality, as well as ITS.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 November 2002
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4794, Vision Geometry XI, (24 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.454826
Show Author Affiliations
Amir H. Assadi, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Firooz Rasouli, Philip Morris Companies Inc. (United States)
Susan E. Wrenn, Philip Morris Companies Inc. (United States)
M. Subbiah, Philip Morris Companies Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4794:
Vision Geometry XI
Longin Jan Latecki; David M. Mount; Angela Y. Wu, Editor(s)

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