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Proceedings Paper

Characteristics of AVIRIS bands measurements in agricultural crops at Blythe area, California: II. Studies on kenaf, Hibiscus canabinus
Author(s): Safwat H. Shakir Hanna; Michael D. Rethwisch
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Paper Abstract

AVIRIS data from Blythe,Calfornia , were acquired in June 1997 to study the agricultural spectra from different crops and for identification of crops in other areas with similar environmental factors and similar spectral properties. In this respect; the main objectives of this study are: 1) to compare the spectral and radiometric characteristics of AVIRIS data from agriculture crops with the spectra measured by FieldSpecR ASD radiometer; 2) to explore the use of AVIRIS images in identifying agriculture crops; and; 3) to build a spectral library for the crops that were studied. A long-term goal is to extend the spectral library for different vegetation or crops in different stages of growth. In order to support our study, on July 18-19, 2000 we collected spectra using the FieldSpecR ASD spectrometer from selected fields planted with different crops at Blythe area, California (at the Longitude 114 degree(s) 33.28 W and Latitude 33 degree(s) 25.42 N to Longitude 114 degree(s) 44.35 W and 33 degree(s) 39.77 N Latitude). The results of this study showed that there is a significant correlation between the data that were collected by AVIRIS image scene in 1997 and spectral data collected by the FieldSpecR spectrometer. This correlation allowed us to build a spectral library to be used in ENVI_IDL software. This leads to identification of different crops and in particular the visible part of the spectra. Furthermore, using IDL-ENVI algorithms of Spectral Angle Mapper classification (SAM), Spectral Feature Fitting (SFF) and Spectral Binary Encoding (SPE) showed that there is an excellent agreement between the predicted and the actual crop type (i.e. The correlation is between 85-90% match). Further use of the AVIRIS images can be of a value to crops identification or crops yield for commercial use. Kenaf crop spectra were studied. The kenaf varieties (Tainung 2, Everglades 41) were significantly differentiated by both the spectral data from AVIRIS and from the hand-held radiometer.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 January 2002
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 4542, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology III, (28 January 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.454190
Show Author Affiliations
Safwat H. Shakir Hanna, Prairie View A&M Univ. (United States)
Michael D. Rethwisch, Univ. of California (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4542:
Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology III
Manfred Owe; Guido D'Urso, Editor(s)

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