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Proceedings Paper

Automated identification of endmembers from hyperspectral data using mathematical morphology
Author(s): Antonio Plaza; Pablo Martinez; J. Anthony Gualtieri; Rosa Perez
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Paper Abstract

One of the most widely used approaches to analyze hyperspectral data is pixel unmixing, which relies on the identification of the purest spectra from the data cube. Once these elements, known as 'endmembers', are extracted, several methods can be used to map their spatial distributions, associations and abundances. A large variety of methodologies have been recently proposed with the purpose of extracting endmembers from hyperspectral data. Nevertheless, most of them only rely on the spectral response; spatial information has not been fully exploited yet, specially in unsupervised classification. The integration of both spatial and spectral information is becoming more relevant as the sensors tend to increase their spatial/spectral resolution. Mathematical morphology is a non-linear image analysis and pattern recognition technique that has proved to be especially well suited to segment images with irregular and complex shapes, but has rarely been applied to the classification/segmentation of multivariate remote sensing data. In this paper we propose a completely automated method, based on mathematical morphology, which allows us to integrate spectral and spatial information in the analysis of hyperspectral images. The accuracy of the proposed algorithm is tested by its application to real hyperspectral data, and the results provided are compared to those found using other existing endmember extraction algorithms.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 January 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4541, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing VII, (28 January 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.454162
Show Author Affiliations
Antonio Plaza, Univ. de Extremadura (Spain)
Pablo Martinez, Univ. de Extremadura (Spain)
J. Anthony Gualtieri, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Rosa Perez, Univ. de Extremadura (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4541:
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing VII
Sebastiano Bruno Serpico, Editor(s)

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