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Proceedings Paper

Organic light-emitting diodes incorporating nanometer thick films of europium-cored complexes
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Paper Abstract

Europium cored complexes may be used as a source of red emission in light emitting diodes. Novel europium cored complexes have been synthesized and incorporated into organic light emitting diodes (OLED's). These complexes emit red light at 615 nm with a full width half maximum (FWHM) of less than 5 nm. The europium complexes consist of one equivalent of europium chelated to three equivalents of a nonsymmetrical β-diketone ligand. The Claissen condensation of a polycyclic aromatic sensitizer and an ester of a fluorinated carboxylic acid create the ligands. The use of a sensitizer such as phenanthrene results in a ligand that has an emission band that directly overlaps with the absorption band of europium. The use of fluorinated chains improves the overall processibility as well as the charge transfer capability of the resulting metal cored complex. The europium core is further encapsulated by the inclusion of an additional polycyclic aromatic compound such as 4, 7 diphenyl - 1, 10 phenanthroline. Emission of 615 nm light is accomplished through excitation of the ligand and efficient Forrester energy transfer to the europium complex. A multiple layer device consisting of a substrate of indium tin oxide, followed by thin layers of BTPD-PFCB (with a thickness of 20nm), a polymer blend containing the europium complex (30 nm), followed by a layer of calcium (50nm) and finally a protective layer of silver (120 nm). The polymer blends were either poly(n-vinyl carbazole)(PVK) or poly vinyl naphthalene (PVN). The device performance was further improved by the incorporation of another lanthanide metal complex. These complexes were based upon similar ligands surrounding gadolinium. In these devices, there is a Dexter energy transfer as well as the Forster energy transfer. For the devices that are based on a PVN:PBD as a polymer host, the lowest turn on voltage was 12.0 volts. The devices that use PVK:TPD devices was 178 cd/m2 with an external quantum efficiency of 0.61%.For PVK:TKD the brightness was 116 cd/m2 with an external quantum efficiency of 0.048%. Devices that incorporate the gadolinium complexes have the turn on voltage of 5.6 volts. We report a maximum brightness of 201 cd/m2 with an external quantum efficiency of 1.0%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 November 2002
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4809, Nanoscale Optics and Applications, (4 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.453781
Show Author Affiliations
Gregory D. Phelan, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Brenden Carlson, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Xuezhong Jiang, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Alex K.Y. Jen, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Larry Raymond Dalton, Univ. of Washington (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4809:
Nanoscale Optics and Applications
Guozhong Cao; Wiley P. Kirk, Editor(s)

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