Proceedings PaperLiquid crystals as self-organizing molecular semiconductors
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Recently is has been discovered that some types of liquid crystals exhibit very fast electronic conduction whose charge carrier transport are characterized by high mobility over 10-2 cm2/Vs independent of electric field and temperature. Now, the liquid crystals are being recognized as a new class of organic semiconductors, in addition to the recognition as the display material. The liquid crystal enjoys superior properties to conventional amorphous materials in terms of the organic semiconductors for large-area devices, thanks to its liquid-like fluidity and crystal-like molecular alignment. In this articles, a new aspect of liquid crystals as a Self-organizing molecular semiconductors are reviewed on the basis of our experimental results on smectic liquid crystals and discuss their high potential for organic electronic devices.