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Proceedings Paper

Modeling a CMYK printer as an RGB printer
Author(s): James Zhixin Chang; John C. Dalrymple
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Paper Abstract

In CMYK output devices, many colors are reproducible by more than one combination of CMYK colorants. When a CMYK device is modeled as an RGB device, each RGB combination must produce a unique CMYK combination. Under color removal (UCR) and gray component replacement (GCR) techniques have been traditionally used to calculate these unique combinations. These techniques are simple to implement, but cannot fully utilize the color gamut possible with the additional K colorant. Other brute-force techniques that search the entire CMYK signal space for desirable combinations produce good results but are unsuitable for real-time implementation. In this paper, we introduce a flexible computational structure for converting RGB or CMY signals to CMYK signals. This structure, which can be viewed as an extension of the traditional UCR and GCR techniques, uses multiple sets of 1-D CMYK lookup tables (LUTs) to control the CMYK colorant usage. The LUTs are strategically placed on the center diagonal and boundaries of the input signal cube. By properly designing these LUTs, we obtain a model for RGB-to-CMYK conversion that utilizes most of the available CMYK gamut and also corrects certain non-ideal device behaviors, such as hue shifts along lines from pure colors to black or white.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 December 2001
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4663, Color Imaging: Device-Independent Color, Color Hardcopy, and Applications VII, (28 December 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.452986
Show Author Affiliations
James Zhixin Chang, Sharp Labs. of America (United States)
John C. Dalrymple, Sharp Labs. of America (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4663:
Color Imaging: Device-Independent Color, Color Hardcopy, and Applications VII
Reiner Eschbach; Gabriel G. Marcu, Editor(s)

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