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Proceedings Paper

Optical properties of silicon nanocrystals synthesized in supercritical fluids
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Paper Abstract

We developed a supercritical solution phase synthesis of silicon nanocrystals. High temperature and pressure (500°C, >140 bar) conditions allow a wet chemical approach to this challenging synthesis. Diphenylsilane was used as a silicon precursor and long chain thiols and alcohols were used to sterically stabilize the luminescent nanocrystals. Moderate size separation was achieved via size exclusion chromatography using crosslinked styrene divinylbenzene beads. Size separated fractions of silicon nanocrystals exhibit quantum efficiencies of 12% while polydisperse samples have quantum efficiencies of 5%. Nanocrystal size distributions have been determined with transmission electron microscopy and further characterized with atomic force microscopy (AFM). These silicon nanocrystals have size tunable photoluminescence as indicated by their ensemble spectroscopy and further verified through AFM and single nanocrystal photoluminescence spectroscopy. Fluorescence intermittency (characteristic of single CdSe nanocrystals) is present in our isolated silicon nanocrystals and is one of the criteria used to distinguish single crystals from clusters of particles.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 November 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4808, Optical Properties of Nanocrystals, (5 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.452254
Show Author Affiliations
Lindsay Pell, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)
Brian A. Korgel, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4808:
Optical Properties of Nanocrystals
Zeno Gaburro, Editor(s)

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