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Proceedings Paper

Radiation-tolerant optical links for the ATLAS Semiconductor Tracker
Author(s): John Matheson; David G. Charlton; Ming-lee Chu; John D. Dowell; Senerath Galagedera; Roger J. Homer; Li-Shing Hou; Predrag Jovanovic; Nikhil N. Kundu; Shih-chang Lee; Thomas J. McMahon; Craig Macwaters; Gilles Mahout; Martin Morrissey; Alan Rudge; Bjorn Jasha Skubic; Ping-kun Teng; Roy Wastie; Anthony R. Weidberg; John A. Wilson
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Paper Abstract

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), currently under construction at CERN, Geneva, will collide proton beams of energy 7 TeV. The high luminosity of the machine will lead to a severe radiation environment for detectors such as ATLAS. The ATLAS Semiconductor Tracker (SCT) must be able to tolerate a radiation field equivalent to an ionising dose of 10 Mrad (Si) and a neutron fluence of 2x1014cm-2 (1MeV,Si) over the 10 year lifetime of the experiment. The SCT is instrumented by silicon microstrip detectors and their front-end chips (ABCDs). Data is transferred from, and control signals to, the ABCDs using multimode optical links carrying light at 840 nm. The incoming timing, trigger and control (TTC) link uses biphase mark encoding to send 40 Mbit/s control signals along with a 40 MHz clock down a single fibre. Optical signals are received by a p-i-n diode and decoded by DORIC chips. Data in electrical form from the ABCDs is used to moderate two VCSELs by means of a VCSEL driver chip (VDC). Each detector module carries 12 ABCDs and is served by two optical fibres for data readout and one for TTC signals. There are 4088 such modules within the SCT. The system performance specifications and architecture are described, followed by test results on individual components and complete links. The optical fibre, active optical components, chips, packaging and interconnects have all been qualified to the necessary radiation levels. This has involved studies of total dose effects, single event upset and ageing at elevated temperatures and details of these studies are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 November 2002
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4823, Photonics for Space Environments VIII, (11 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.452209
Show Author Affiliations
John Matheson, Rutherford Appleton Lab. (United Kingdom)
David G. Charlton, Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)
Ming-lee Chu, Institute of Physics (Taiwan)
John D. Dowell, Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)
Senerath Galagedera, Rutherford Appleton Lab. (United Kingdom)
Roger J. Homer, Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)
Li-Shing Hou, Institute of Physics (Taiwan)
Predrag Jovanovic, Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)
Nikhil N. Kundu, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Shih-chang Lee, Institute of Physics (Taiwan)
Thomas J. McMahon, Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)
Craig Macwaters, Rutherford Appleton Lab. (United Kingdom)
Gilles Mahout, Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)
Martin Morrissey, Rutherford Appleton Lab. (United Kingdom)
Alan Rudge, CERN-European Organization for Nuclear Research (Switzerland)
Bjorn Jasha Skubic, CERN-European Organization for Nuclear Research (Switzerland)
Ping-kun Teng, Institute of Physics (Taiwan)
Roy Wastie, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Anthony R. Weidberg, CERN-European Organization for Nuclear Research (Switzerland)
John A. Wilson, Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4823:
Photonics for Space Environments VIII
Edward W. Taylor, Editor(s)

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