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Proceedings Paper

Combined radiation damage, annealing, and aging studies of InGaAsP/InP 1310-nm lasers for the CMS Tracker optical links
Author(s): Karl A. Gill; Robert Grabit; Jan Troska; Francois Vasey
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Paper Abstract

A summary is presented of the combined effects of radiation damage, accelerated annealing and accelerated ageing in 1310nm InGaAsP/InP multi-quantum-well lasers, the type chosen for use in the CMS Tracker optical links. The radiation damage effects are compared for a variety of radiation sources: 60Co-gamma, 0.8MeV (average energy) neutrons, 20MeV (average energy) neutrons and 300MeV/c pions that represent important parts of the spectrum of particles that will be encountered in the CMS Tracker. The relative damage factors of the various sources are calculated by comparing the laser threshold current increase due to radiation damage giving ~0 : 0.12 : 0.53 : 1 for 60Co-gamma, ~0.8MeV neutrons, ~20MeV neutrons with respect to 300MeV/c pions. The effects of bias current and temperature on the annealing were measured and, in all cases, the annealing is proportional to log(annealing time). A bias current of 60mA increases the annealing, in terms of the time taken to anneal a given amount, by a factor of 10 relative to 0mA. The annealing rate is also accelerated by heating the irradiated lasers and recovery occurs ~10 times faster at 60°C than at 20°C. The long-term ageing properties of irradiated lasers were also measured in an accelerated test carried out at 80°C, for 2500 hours, at a bias current of 60mA. No wearout-related degradation was observed in any of the devices. The combined results of these studies have been used to estimate the long-term damage expected for this type of laser operating inside the CMS Tracker. In the worst case of a laser operating at a distance of 22cm from the beam-axis in the forward region of the Tracker, the maximum threshold increase will be ~6mA over the first 10 years of LHC running.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 November 2002
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 4823, Photonics for Space Environments VIII, (11 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.452196
Show Author Affiliations
Karl A. Gill, CERN-European Organization for Nuclear Research (Switzerland)
Robert Grabit, CERN-European Organization for Nuclear Research (Switzerland)
Jan Troska, CERN-European Organization for Nuclear Research (Switzerland)
Francois Vasey, CERN-European Organization for Nuclear Research (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4823:
Photonics for Space Environments VIII
Edward W. Taylor, Editor(s)

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