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Proceedings Paper

Methods for estimating the refractive index profile at near infrared wavelengths of polymers for optical waveguides
Author(s): Andrew J. Guenthner; Geoffrey A. Lindsay; Peter Zarras; Stephen Fallis; Joni M. Pentony; Warren N. Herman
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Paper Abstract

Methods that successfully predict the refractive index at near-infrared wavelengths of negatively birefringent polymer films for optical waveguide applications are presented. The starting point for these methods is a correlation based on connectivity indexes originally developed by Bicerano for the refractive index of isotropic polymers at visible wavelengths. This correlation is applied to a set of polyimides at near infrared wavelengths with modifications in order to improve its predictive power. The polyimides were synthesized by condensation of monomers to form the precursor poly(amic acid)s followed by imidization in solution. Solutions of the polyimides were then spin coated onto glass substrates and baked to produce films of 2-3 microns in thickness with a variable negative birefringence. The refractive index profiles of these films near 1320 nm were then measured in both the TE- and TM- modes using a prism-coupling technique. The average refractive index of these films was then compared to the prediction generated by the model. The agreement between the predicted and observed values has been sufficient to enable the rapid development of materials for optical waveguides without the need for many rounds of trial-and-error investigation. These techniques facilitate the development of specialized polymers for optical waveguide applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 December 2002
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4798, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials II, (18 December 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.452117
Show Author Affiliations
Andrew J. Guenthner, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. (United States)
Geoffrey A. Lindsay, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. (United States)
Peter Zarras, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. (United States)
Stephen Fallis, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. (United States)
Joni M. Pentony, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. (United States)
Warren N. Herman, Lab. for Physical Sciences/Univ. of Maryland (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4798:
Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials II
Manfred Eich; Mark G. Kuzyk, Editor(s)

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