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Proceedings Paper

Microscopic mechanism of optical nonlinearity in conjugated polymers and other quasi-one-dimensional systems
Author(s): Sumitendra Mazumdar; Dandan Guo; Sham N. Dixit
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Paper Abstract

We present a microscopic mechanism of optical nonlinearity in quasi-one-dimensional semiconductors within the context of rigid band Peierls-extended Hubbard models. A detailed configuration space analysis is done to predict the dominant excitation paths. We show that only two channels contribute to the bulk of the optical nonlinearity, even though an infinite number of channels are possible in principle. Most importantly, these channels involve a virtual two photon excited state whose relative energy should be nearly parameter independent in the infinite chain limit. This would imply that the mechanism of optical nonlinearity, as well as the frequency dependence of the third order optical susceptibility, are also largely parameter independent. This universality is a consequence of the one dimensionality alone and remains valid for arbitrary convex Coulomb interactions. These conjectures are confirmed by exact numerical calculations on finite chains that do very careful analysis of finite size effects.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1991
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 1436, Photochemistry and Photoelectrochemistry of Organic and Inorganic Molecular Thin Films, (1 March 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.45120
Show Author Affiliations
Sumitendra Mazumdar, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Dandan Guo, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Sham N. Dixit, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1436:
Photochemistry and Photoelectrochemistry of Organic and Inorganic Molecular Thin Films
Marcus F. Lawrence; Arthur Jesse Frank; S. Ramasesha; Carl C. Wamser, Editor(s)

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