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Proceedings Paper

Holo-Chidi video concentrator card
Author(s): Thomas A. Nwodoh; Aditya Prabhakar; Stephen A. Benton
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Paper Abstract

The Holo-Chidi Video Concentrator Card is a frame buffer for the Holo-Chidi holographic video processing system. Holo- Chidi is designed at the MIT Media Laboratory for real-time computation of computer generated holograms and the subsequent display of the holograms at video frame rates. The Holo-Chidi system is made of two sets of cards - the set of Processor cards and the set of Video Concentrator Cards (VCCs). The Processor cards are used for hologram computation, data archival/retrieval from a host system, and for higher-level control of the VCCs. The VCC formats computed holographic data from multiple hologram computing Processor cards, converting the digital data to analog form to feed the acousto-optic-modulators of the Media lab's Mark-II holographic display system. The Video Concentrator card is made of: a High-Speed I/O (HSIO) interface whence data is transferred from the hologram computing Processor cards, a set of FIFOs and video RAM used as buffer for data for the hololines being displayed, a one-chip integrated microprocessor and peripheral combination that handles communication with other VCCs and furnishes the card with a USB port, a co-processor which controls display data formatting, and D-to-A converters that convert digital fringes to analog form. The co-processor is implemented with an SRAM-based FPGA with over 500,000 gates and controls all the signals needed to format the data from the multiple Processor cards into the format required by Mark-II. A VCC has three HSIO ports through which up to 500 Megabytes of computed holographic data can flow from the Processor Cards to the VCC per second. A Holo-Chidi system with three VCCs has enough frame buffering capacity to hold up to thirty two 36Megabyte hologram frames at a time. Pre-computed holograms may also be loaded into the VCC from a host computer through the low- speed USB port. Both the microprocessor and the co- processor in the VCC can access the main system memory used to store control programs and data for the VCC. The Card also generates the control signals used by the scanning mirrors of Mark-II. In this paper we discuss the design of the VCC and its implementation in the Holo-Chidi system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 December 2001
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4674, Media Processors 2002, (20 December 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.451071
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas A. Nwodoh, MIT Media Lab. (United States)
Aditya Prabhakar, MIT Media Lab. (United States)
Stephen A. Benton, MIT Media Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4674:
Media Processors 2002
Sethuraman Panchanathan; V. Michael Bove; Subramania I. Sudharsanan, Editor(s)

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