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Proceedings Paper

Hybrid APD for single visible photon imaging
Author(s): Bill Smith; Keith T. Passmore; Arlynn W. Smith; Randy Lundberg; Nils Ian Thomas; Nick Bell; Chris Lively; Roger Sillmon; Rudolph G. Benz; Eric Karplus; J. M. Abraham; Hugh W. Popenoe; Richard Farrell; Daniel Ferenc
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Paper Abstract

A hybrid photodetector based on a Gen 3 photocathode and electron-bombarded silicon, non-pixilated, position sensitive, Avalanche Photo Diode (APD) is being developed. The device promises gains of over 106 and sub-millimeter spatial resolution. Signals read at the output of the device can be used to build up images, integrated over the time scales relevant to the process being studied. This integration as a post-process allows significant flexibility in investigation at very low light levels. A design and fabrication process is being developed that can be readily adapted for fast-turnaround proof-of-concept prototypes using a variety of solid state detectors. This process approach also facilitates the parallel development of high Quantum Efficiency (QE), low dark count III-V based photocathodes with a broad range of spectral response from UV to NIR. The Imaging Hybrid Avalanche Photo Diode (IHAPD) is targeted to bioluminescence, chemoluminescence and other low light level spectral imaging. A discussion of a reflection mode hybrid APD development is included as well.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 February 2003
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4796, Low-Light-Level and Real-Time Imaging Systems, Components, and Applications, (5 February 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.450893
Show Author Affiliations
Bill Smith, ITT Industries/Night Vision (United States)
Keith T. Passmore, ITT Industries/Night Vision (United States)
Arlynn W. Smith, ITT Industries/Night Vision (United States)
Randy Lundberg, ITT Industries/Night Vision (United States)
Nils Ian Thomas, ITT Industries/Night Vision (United States)
Nick Bell, ITT Industries/Night Vision (United States)
Chris Lively, ITT Industries/Night Vision (United States)
Roger Sillmon, ITT Industries/Night Vision (United States)
Rudolph G. Benz, ITT Industries/Night Vision (United States)
Eric Karplus, Science Wares (United States)
J. M. Abraham, Science Wares (United States)
Hugh W. Popenoe, Science Wares (United States)
Richard Farrell, Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. (United States)
Daniel Ferenc, Univ. of California/Davis (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4796:
Low-Light-Level and Real-Time Imaging Systems, Components, and Applications
C. Bruce Johnson; Divyendu Sinha; Phillip A. Laplante, Editor(s)

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