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Proceedings Paper

Enhancement of scanned documents in Besov spaces using wavelet domain representations
Author(s): Kathrin Berkner
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Paper Abstract

After scanning, a document is typically blurred, and some noise is introduced. Therefore, the enhancement process of a scanned document requires a denoising and deblurring step. Typically, these steps are performed using techniques originated in the Fourier-domain. It has been shown in many image processing applications such as compression and denoising that wavelet-domain processing outperforms Fourier-domain processing. One main reason for the success of wavelets is that wavelets adapt automatically to smooth and non-smooth parts in an image due to the link between wavelets and sophisticated smoothness spaces, the Besov spaces. Recently smoothing and sharpening of an image - interpreted as an increasing and decreasing of smoothness of an image - has been derived using Besov space properties. The goal of this paper is to use wavelet-based denoising and sharpening in Besov spaces in combination with characterization of lines and halftone patterns in the wavelet domain to build a complete wavelet-based enhancement system. It is shown that characteristics of a scanned document and the enhancement steps necessary for a digital copier application are well-suited to be modeled in terms of wavelet bases and Besov spaces. The modeling results leads to a very simple algorithmic implementation of a technique that qualitatively outperforms traditional Fourier-based techniques.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 December 2001
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4670, Document Recognition and Retrieval IX, (18 December 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.450723
Show Author Affiliations
Kathrin Berkner, Ricoh Innovations, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4670:
Document Recognition and Retrieval IX
Paul B. Kantor; Tapas Kanungo; Jiangying Zhou, Editor(s)

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