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Proceedings Paper

Remarkable optical properties of dendrimers for laser applications
Author(s): Akira Otomo; Sonoko Otomo; Shiyoshi Yokoyama; Tatsuo Nakahama; Shinjo Mashiko
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Paper Abstract

We have investigated optical properties of dye-encapsulated dendrimers for photonic applications and observed several interesting behavior, such as controlled intermolecular interactions, super-radiance, and supernarrowing laser emission. We confirmed limited inter molecular interactions between encapsulated dyes in fluorescence lifetime measurement of rhodamine B-cored dendrimers with different shell sizes. Also, photochemical stability against singlet oxygen was studied for fluorescent dyes encapsulated in a dendrimer box and the lifetime was improved by 60 times due to the shielding effect of the dendrimer shell. A supernarrowing laser spectrum was observed without using any resonator mirrors due to moderate scattering caused by densely doped dendrimer aggregates in a polymer waveguide. At the optimum operation level, the spectral linewidth is found to be 0.55 nm, which is limited by the resolution of the spectrograph used. Weak scattering from the aggregated dendrimers in the host polymer matrix with gain is responsible for photon localization. However, in contrast to conventional random lasers with strong scattering, weak scattering enables the long amplification path through the waveguide producing a directional beam and a supernarrowing spectrum. The dependence of supernarrowing lasing behavior on the density of the scattering moiety was studied by changing the dendrimer doping ratios in the polymer matrix.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 December 2001
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4461, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials, (7 December 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.449831
Show Author Affiliations
Akira Otomo, Communications Research Lab. (Japan)
Sonoko Otomo, Communications Research Lab. (Japan)
Shiyoshi Yokoyama, Communications Research Lab. (Japan)
Tatsuo Nakahama, Communications Research Lab. (Japan)
Shinjo Mashiko, Communications Research Lab. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4461:
Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials
Manfred Eich; Mark G. Kuzyk, Editor(s)

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