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Proceedings Paper

Implementation of visual motion detection with contrast adaptation
Author(s): Patrick A. Shoemaker; David C. O'Carroll; Andrew D. Straw
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Paper Abstract

Visual detection and processing of motion in insects is thought to occur based on an elementary delay-and-correlate operation at an early stage in the visual pathway. The correlational elementary motion detector (EMD) indicates the presence of moving stimuli on the retina and is directionally sensitive, but it is a complex spatiotemporal filter and does not inherently encode important motion parameters such as velocity. However, additional processing, in combination with natural visual stimuli, may allow computation of useful motion parameters. One such feature is adaptation in response to motion, until recently thought to occur by modification of the delay time constant, but now shown to arise due mainly to adjustment of contrast gain. This adaptation renders EMD output less dependent on scene contrast and enables it to carry some velocity information. We describe an ongoing effort to characterize this system in engineering terms, and to implement an analog VLSI model of it. Building blocks for a correlational EMD, and a mechanism for computing and implementing adjustment of contrast gain are described. This circuitry is intended as front-end processing for classes of higher-level visual motion computation also performed by insects, including estimation of egomotion by optical flow, and detection of moving targets.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 November 2001
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4591, Electronics and Structures for MEMS II, (21 November 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.449162
Show Author Affiliations
Patrick A. Shoemaker, Tanner Research, Inc. (United States)
David C. O'Carroll, Adelaide Univ. (Australia)
Andrew D. Straw, Adelaide Univ. (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4591:
Electronics and Structures for MEMS II
Neil W. Bergmann; Derek Abbott; Alex Hariz; Vijay K. Varadan, Editor(s)

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