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Proceedings Paper

Minimum entropy approach to denoising time-frequency distributions
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Paper Abstract

Signals used in time-frequency analysis are usually corrupted by noise. Therefore, denoising the time-frequency representation is a necessity for producing readable time-frequency images. Denoising is defined as the operation of smoothing a noisy signal or image for producing a noise free representation. Linear smoothing of time-frequency distributions (TFDs) suppresses noise at the expense of considerable smearing of the signal components. For this reason, nonlinear denoising has been preferred. A common example to nonlinear denoising methods is the wavelet thresholding. In this paper, we introduce an entropy based approach to denoising time-frequency distributions. This new approach uses the spectrogram decomposition of time-frequency kernels proposed by Cunningham and Williams.In order to denoise the time-frequency distribution, we combine those spectrograms with smallest entropy values, thus ensuring that each spectrogram is well concentrated on the time-frequency plane and contains as little noise as possible. Renyi entropy is used as the measure to quantify the complexity of each spectrogram. The threshold for the number of spectrograms to combine is chosen adaptively based on the tradeoff between entropy and variance. The denoised time-frequency distributions for several signals are shown to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method. The improvement in performance is quantitatively evaluated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 November 2001
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4474, Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations XI, (20 November 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.448690
Show Author Affiliations
Selin Aviyente, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
William J. Williams, Univ. of Michigan (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4474:
Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations XI
Franklin T. Luk, Editor(s)

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