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Proceedings Paper

Lithium insertion in tungsten oxide thin films
Author(s): Se-Hee Lee; Maeng Je Seong; Esra Ozcan; C. Ed Tracy; Fatma Z. Tepehan; Satyen K. Deb
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Paper Abstract

Intercalation of lithium ions in amorphous tungsten oxide films and in monoclinic polycrystalline tungsten oxide films has been studied using electrochemical analyses and Raman spectroscopy. We present direct evidence for W5+ 5d- electron localization in amorphous tungsten oxide films upon lithium ion and electron intercalation, by comparing the Raman spectra of amorphous and crystalline tungsten oxide films. We observe that when lithium ions and electrons are inserted into the crystalline tungsten oxide films, the monoclinic structure of the material proceeds to progressively increased symmetry. On the other hand, when lithium ions and electrons are inserted into amorphous tungsten oxide films, the inserted electrons are localized in W5+ sites and polarize their surrounding lattice to form small polarons. The extra Raman peaks due to the W5+-O single bonds and W5+equalsO double bonds appear at 330 and 450 cm-1, respectively.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 November 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4458, Solar and Switching Materials, (13 November 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.448249
Show Author Affiliations
Se-Hee Lee, National Renewable Energy Lab. (United States)
Maeng Je Seong, National Renewable Energy Lab. (United States)
Esra Ozcan, National Renewable Energy Lab. and Istanbul Technical Univ. (United States)
C. Ed Tracy, National Renewable Energy Lab. (United States)
Fatma Z. Tepehan, Istanbul Technical Univ. (Turkey)
Satyen K. Deb, National Renewable Energy Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4458:
Solar and Switching Materials
Carl M. Lampert; Claes-Goran Granqvist; Keith L. Lewis; Carl M. Lampert; Claes-Goeran Granqvist; Keith L. Lewis, Editor(s)

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