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Proceedings Paper

Deployment-ready multimode micropower wireless sensor networks for intrusion detection, classification, and tracking
Author(s): Mike A. Horton; Alan Broad; Mike Grimmer; Kristofer S. J. Pister; S. Shankar Sastry; Tom Rosenbury; Norman A. Whitaker
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Paper Abstract

Accurate personnel and vehicle tracking has been achieved using networks of small, unobtrusive, low-cost wireless sensors. The wireless MSTAR sensors developed in this work are based on previous pioneering MEMS sensing and TinyOS communications software work completed at UC Berkeley. The works has been funded under the DARPA SensIT, SensorWebs, and on-going DARPA NEST programs. These MSTAR sensors deliver around the clock all-weather surveillance and perimeter protection for field environments, including buildings, camp and tent locations, streets, mountainous regions, and other geographies. These capabilities satisfy many on-going intelligence and warfighter safety requirements. The MSTAR sensors are quickly deployed by hand emplacement or air-drop from a UAV or other airborne platform. The combination of multimode sensing on each wireless MSTAR sensor and multiple MSTAR sensors in the environment yields low false detections within the network perimeter. In addition, using the geopgraphy dispersion and networked algorithms, it is possible to estimate the target's speed, direction, and loosely classify the target. Satellite exfiltration of data provides real-time access to the data on a worldwide basis. Future work includes additional field trials and the incorporation of acoustic capture, video capture, and biosensors into the MSTAR wireless sensor platform.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 August 2002
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 4743, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications IV, (7 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.447463
Show Author Affiliations
Mike A. Horton, Crossbow Technology, Inc. (United States)
Alan Broad, Crossbow Technology, Inc. (United States)
Mike Grimmer, Crossbow Technology, Inc. (United States)
Kristofer S. J. Pister, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)
S. Shankar Sastry, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)
Tom Rosenbury, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Norman A. Whitaker, Puritan Research (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4743:
Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications IV
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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