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Proceedings Paper

Geometric morphology of cellular solids
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Paper Abstract

We demonstrate how to derive morphological information from micrographs, i.e., grey-level images, of polymeric foams. The segmentation of the images is performed by applying a pulse-coupled neural network. This processing generates blobs of the foams walls/struts and voids, respectively. The contours of the blobs and their corresponding points form the input to a constrained Delaunay tessellation, which provides an unstructured grid of the material under consideration. The subsequently applied Chordal Axis Transform captures the intrinsic shape characteristics, and facilitates the identification and localization of key morphological features. While stochastic features of the polymeric foams struts/walls such as areas, aspect ratios, etc., already can be computed at this stage, the foams voids require further geometric processing. The voids are separated into single foam cells. This shape manipulation leads to a refinement of the initial blob contours, which then requires the repeated application of the constrained Delaunay tessellation and Chordal Axis Transform, respectively. Using minimum enclosing rectangles for each foam cell, finally the stochastic features of the foam voids are computed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 November 2001
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 4476, Vision Geometry X, (2 November 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.447289
Show Author Affiliations
Bernd R. Schlei, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Lakshman Prasad, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Alexei N. Skourikhine, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4476:
Vision Geometry X
Longin Jan Latecki; David M. Mount; Angela Y. Wu; Robert A. Melter, Editor(s)

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