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Proceedings Paper

Overview of U.S. Fishery requirements
Author(s): Steven C. Springer; Craig McLean
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Paper Abstract

On April 12, 1990, an international agreement between the United States, Canada, and Japan was signed that, among other things, requires real-time automatic satellite position fixing devices (transmitters) to be deployed on 100% of the Japanese squid and large-mesh driftnet fishing vessels operating in the North Pacific in 1990. These transmitters must allow automatic, real-time monitoring of the location and identity of each vessel by Japanese, Canadian, and U.S. officials. Japan had approximately 350 vessels conducting driftnet operations in the North Pacific Ocean in 1990. Similar agreements were reached between the U.S. and Korea and the U.S. and Taiwan in 1989. Taiwan agreed to equip 100% of its 135 North Pacific driftnet vessels with transmitters in 1990. South Korea agreed to equip 100% of its 188 driftnet vessels with transmitters in 1990. All countries agreed to fund the purchase, installation, maintenance, and data processing costs involved in this program. All countries agreed to provide U.S. authorities with real-time access to the satellite-generated position data. In July 1990, U.S. officials began monitoring the locations of approximately 700 foreign driftnet vessels operating in the North Pacific. Tests were conducted of two position fixing transmitter systems using National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites while the negotiations, which took over two years to complete, were ongoing. An overview of the systems tested and the results of those tests were provided to Japan, Taiwan, and Korea to assist them in choosing a transmitter best suited to their program requirements. Each country chose to use the Argos Location and Data Collection Satellite System. The Argos system is packaged on a NOAA Tiros-N satellite. This paper describes the need for a foreign fishing vessel tracking system, the results of the satellite transmitter test program, and the successful implementation of this program in 1990.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 1991
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 1479, Surveillance Technologies, (1 August 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.44545
Show Author Affiliations
Steven C. Springer, National Marine Fisheries Service/NOAA (United States)
Craig McLean, NOAA Corps (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1479:
Surveillance Technologies
Sankaran Gowrinathan; Raymond J. Mataloni Sr.; Stanley J. Schwartz, Editor(s)

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