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Proceedings Paper

Bayesian object matching based on MCMC sampling and Gabor filters
Author(s): Jouko Lampinen; Toni Tamminen; Timo Kostiainen; Ilkka Kalliomaeki
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Paper Abstract

We study an object recognition system where Bayesian inference is used for estimating the probability distribution of matching object locations on an image. The representation of the object contains two parts: the likelihood part that defines the probability of perceiving a given (gray scale) image corresponding to the matched object detail, and the prior part that defines the probability of variation of the object, including elastic distortions and interclass variations. The application we are studying is related to recognition of faces and recovering the shape of human heads. The prior consists of covariance model for the face, which encodes the correlations of matching point locations over different face images. The approach is closely related to eigenshapes and linear object classes. In the likelihood part, measurement of point correspondence is based on Gabor filter responses. In addition to matching filter amplitudes, we compute also the discrepancy of the filter phases, which increases the spatial accuracy of the matched locations. The similarity is based on measuring the distribution of Gabor filter responses in a given object location, and finding a low dimensional subspace to model the variation. The probability of match is proportional to the angle between the subspace and the vector of Gabor filter responses. The object matching is carried out as Bayesian inference: the goal is to find the posterior probability distribution of the possible matches given the image and the object prior. We use Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods, such as Gibbs and Metropolis sampling, to estimate the posterior probability of matches. In the paper we present MCMC methods suitable for the matching task and present some preliminary results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4572, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XX: Algorithms, Techniques, and Active Vision, (5 October 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.444201
Show Author Affiliations
Jouko Lampinen, Helsinki Univ. of Technology (Finland)
Toni Tamminen, Helsinki Univ. of Technology (Finland)
Timo Kostiainen, Helsinki Univ. of Technology (Finland)
Ilkka Kalliomaeki, Helsinki Univ. of Technology (Finland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4572:
Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XX: Algorithms, Techniques, and Active Vision
David P. Casasent; Ernest L. Hall, Editor(s)

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