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Proceedings Paper

Novel approach for the refractive index gradient measurement in microliter volumes using fiber-optic technology
Author(s): Robert E. Synovec; Curtiss N. Renn
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Paper Abstract

The refractive index gradient (RIG) of hydrodynamically controlled profiles can be universally, yet sensitively, measured by carefully probing the radial RIG passing through a z-configuration flow cell. Fiber optic technology is applied in order to provide a narrow, collimated probe beam (100 micrometers diameter) that is deflected by a RIG and measured by a position sensitive detector. The fiber optic construction allows one to probe very small volumes (1 (mu) L to 3 (mu) L) amenable to microbore liquid chromatography ((mu) LC). The combination of (mu) LC and RIG detection is very useful for the analysis of trace quantities (ng injected amounts) of chemical species that are generally difficult to measure, i.e., species that are not amenable to absorbance detection or related techniques. Furthermore, the RIG detector is compatible with conventional mobile phase gradient and thermal gradient (mu) LC, unlike traditional RI detectors. A description of the RIG detector coupled with (mu) LC for the analysis of complex polymer samples is reported. Also, exploration into using the RIG detector for supercritical fluid chromatography is addressed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1991
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1435, Optical Methods for Ultrasensitive Detection and Analysis: Techniques and Applications, (1 July 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.44238
Show Author Affiliations
Robert E. Synovec, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Curtiss N. Renn, Univ. of Washington (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1435:
Optical Methods for Ultrasensitive Detection and Analysis: Techniques and Applications
Bryan L. Fearey, Editor(s)

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