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Proceedings Paper

Preclinical evaluation of 5-ALA-based PDT for the treatment of canine urinary bladder cancer: fluorescence distribution and response of normal urinary bladder tissue
Author(s): Michael D. Lucroy D.V.M.; George M. Peavy D.V.M.; Tisha Ridgway; Russell G. Higbee; Gregory A. Campbell; Tiffany A. Healey; Kenneth Eugene Bartels D.V.M.
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Paper Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a potential improvement over conventional therapy for urinary bladder cancer, especially using the pro-photosensitizer 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), which is metabolized to its active form, protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), within both normal and neoplastic epithelial tissue. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ALA-based PDT in healthy dogs as a prelude to treating dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. Methods: Twelve dogs were given oral ALA at 0, 30, 60, or 90 mg/kg. Four hours later, the dogs were sacrificed and bladder tissue was collected and frozen for low-intensity fluorescence microscopy. Fifteen dogs were given oral ALA at 0, 30, 60, or 90 mg/kg and anesthetized four hours later. The trigone was irradiated with 635 nm laser light. All dogs were necropsied after PDT (48 h or 21 d). Results: PpIX fluorescence was confined to the urinary bladder mucosa with no detectable fluorescence in the muscularis or serosa. Histopathological lesions after PDT were limited to mild inflammation. Conclusions: Oral ALA appears to be well tolerated by healthy dogs at the dosages used. Because PpIX fluorescence was confined to the mucosa, ALA-based PDT may be a useful treatment for canine lower urinary tract neoplasia.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 June 2002
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 4609, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XII, (17 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.440961
Show Author Affiliations
Michael D. Lucroy D.V.M.
George M. Peavy D.V.M.
Tisha Ridgway
Russell G. Higbee
Gregory A. Campbell
Tiffany A. Healey
Kenneth Eugene Bartels D.V.M.


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4609:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems XII
Lawrence S. Bass M.D.; Eugene A. Trowers M.D.; Kenneth Eugene Bartels D.V.M.; Udayan K. Shah M.D.; David S. Robinson M.D.; Lawrence S. Bass M.D.; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Kenneth Eugene Bartels D.V.M.; Lawrence S. Bass M.D.; Brian Jet-Fei Wong M.D.; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Lloyd P. Tate V.D.M.; Nikiforos Kollias; Abraham Katzir; Timothy A. Woodward M.D.; Werner T.W. de Riese; George M. Peavy D.V.M.; Werner T.W. de Riese; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Michael D. Lucroy D.V.M.; Abraham Katzir; Nikiforos Kollias; Michael D. Lucroy D.V.M.; Reza S. Malek M.D.; George M. Peavy; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; David S. Robinson M.D.; Udayan K. Shah M.D.; Lloyd P. Tate V.D.M.; Eugene A. Trowers M.D.; Brian Jet-Fei Wong M.D.; Timothy A. Woodward M.D., Editor(s)

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