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Proceedings Paper

Display requirements for synthetic vision in the military cockpit
Author(s): Guy A. French; Michael P. Snow; Darrel G. Hopper
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Paper Abstract

The term synthetic vision is used to describe combinations of sensor-based imagery (e.g., forward-looking infrared, millimeter-wave radar, light amplification or night vision systems) and imagery based on databases (e.g., digital terrain elevation data, obstacle and obstruction data, approach path data). While sensor-based imagery (often referred to as enhanced vision) has been available in military cockpits for several years, imagery based on databases (often referred to as artificial vision) has not. This paper discusses the display requirements needed for combinations of enhanced and artificial vision in military cockpits. We briefly survey current efforts to achieve synthetic vision displays in both military and civilian cockpits and the costs and benefits of these efforts. The relative advantages and disadvantages of enhanced and artificial vision are discussed within the context of current and future display capabilities, focusing on the human factors of these displays. A sampling of synthetic vision formats envisioned for use in military and civilian cockpits is presented to illustrate what might be required of head-down, head-up, and helmet-mounted displays in terms of resolution, luminance, and color. Further discussion is given to how these display requirements might be altered by aircraft mission, type, and the need to compensate for varying visibility and laser threat conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 September 2001
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4362, Cockpit Displays VIII: Displays for Defense Applications, (7 September 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.439111
Show Author Affiliations
Guy A. French, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Michael P. Snow, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Darrel G. Hopper, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4362:
Cockpit Displays VIII: Displays for Defense Applications
Darrel G. Hopper, Editor(s)

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