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Proceedings Paper

Laser biomodulation on stem cells
Author(s): Timon Cheng-Yi Liu; Rui Duan; Yan Li; Xue-Feng Li; Li-Ling Tan; Songhao Liu
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Paper Abstract

Stem cells are views from the perspectives of their function, evolution, development, and cause. Counterintuitively, most stem cells may arise late in development, to act principally in tissue renewal, thus ensuring an organisms long-term survival. Surprisingly, recent reports suggest that tissue-specific adult stem cells have the potential to contribute to replenishment of multiple adult tissues. Stem cells are currently in the news for two reasons: the successful cultivation of human embryonic stem cell lines and reports that adult stem cells can differentiate into developmentally unrelated cell types, such as nerve cells into blood cells. The spotlight on stem cells has revealed gaps in our knowledge that must be filled if we are to take advantage of their full potential for treating devastating degenerative diseases such as Parkinsons's disease and muscular dystrophy. We need to know more about the intrinsic controls that keep stem cells as stem cells or direct them along particular differentiation pathways. Such intrinsic regulators are, in turn, sensitive to the influences of the microenvironment, or niche, where stem cells normally reside. Both intrinsic and extrinsic signals regular stem cell fate and some of these signals have now been identified. Vacek et al and Wang et al have studied the effect of low intensity laser on the haemopoietic stem cells in vitro. There experiments show there is indeed the effect of low intensity laser on the haemopoietic stem cells in vitro, and the present effect is the promotion of haemopoietic stem cells proliferation. In other words, low intensity laser irradiation can act as an extrinsic signal regulating stem cell fate. In this paper, we study how low intensity laser can be used to regulate stem cell fate from the viewpoint of collective phototransduction.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 August 2001
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 4427, Imaging of Tissue Structure and Function, (22 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.438421
Show Author Affiliations
Timon Cheng-Yi Liu, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Rui Duan, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Yan Li, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Xue-Feng Li, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Li-Ling Tan, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Songhao Liu, South China Normal Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4427:
Imaging of Tissue Structure and Function
Valery V. Tuchin; Qingming Luo; Sergey S. Ulyanov, Editor(s)

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