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Proceedings Paper

Passive millimeter-wave image resolution improvement by linear and nonlinear algorithms
Author(s): Joseph D. Silverstein
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Paper Abstract

Criteria are specified for deciding on whether or not elements of a digital image are resolved, and metrics are defined for the extent of the improvement, if any, in that resolution brought about by image processing. These criteria and definitions enabled a quantitative comparison of the resolution brought about by image processing. These criteria and definitions enabled a quantitative comparison of the resolution improvement in simulated images of a two-squares pattern that were processed by the linear Two-Mu algorithm and the non-linear ML and MAP algorithms. Both non-linear algorithms had identical performances, and yielded a maximum resolution improvement of X2.4 for up to 1000 iterations, compared to an improvement of X1.9 for the Two-Mu linear algorithm. The performance of these algorithms was also compared qualitatively for the more complex, measured, passive millimeter-wave (PMMW) images of a simple metal/radar absorbing material (RAM) pattern and an extremely complex PMMW image of a military vehicle. Just as for the two-squares images, ML and MAP performed identically to each other for the complex images. In the metal/RAM images processed with ML and MAP the three RAM patches were imaged much more clearly than in those of Two-Mu at a range of 382 in. However, none of the algorithms coupled produce clear images of all three RAMs at a range of 512 in, nor did any of them yield satisfactory images of the military vehicle. The processing time for Two-Mu can be extremely short if the appropriate-size inverse filter matrix for the chosen processing parameters and the point spread function are available from a previous computation. The processing time for ML and MAP, however, is governed only by the number of iterations required, which is 1000 for the two-squares pattern image, X2.4 improvement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 August 2001
PDF: 22 pages
Proc. SPIE 4373, Passive Millimeter-Wave Imaging Technology V, (21 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.438137
Show Author Affiliations
Joseph D. Silverstein, Army Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4373:
Passive Millimeter-Wave Imaging Technology V
Roger M. Smith; Roger Appleby, Editor(s)

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