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Proceedings Paper

Stress-strain relationship in Terfenol-D
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Paper Abstract

The variability of Young's modulus (the (Delta) E effect) in giant magnetostrictive Terfenol-D has a significant impact on the performance and modeling of Terfenol-D transducers. While elastic modulus variability introduces nonlinearities in the transducer input/output relationship that are often deemed undesirable, it also affords opportunities for achieving novel device performance attributes. In this investigation, Terfenol-D's modulus of elasticity is characterized under controlled thermal, magnetic, and mechanical loading conditions. Quasi-static cyclic compressive stress testing methods are used to quantify the variability in Young's modulus over a wide range of d.c. applied magnetic fields and stresses. Elastic modulus changes of four-fold or more are demonstrated through the variation of a d.c. applied magnetic field. The effect of decreasing cyclic stress amplitude giving rise to an increase in Terfenol-D's apparent elastic modulus is also examined. The thermally controlled transducer used throughout this investigation is described. This conference paper is a shortened version of the paper titled Experimental Investigation of Terfenol-D's Elastic Modulus that has been submitted for peer reviewed journal publication.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 August 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4327, Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (16 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.436583
Show Author Affiliations
Rick A. Kellogg, Iowa State Univ. (United States)
Alison B. Flatau, Iowa State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4327:
Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems
L. Porter Davis, Editor(s)

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