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Proceedings Paper

Noncontact start/stop motion control of HDD suspension using shape memory alloy actuators
Author(s): SooCheol Lim; Jong-Sung Park; Seung-Bok Choi; Young-Pil Park
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Paper Abstract

In hard disk drive (HDD), and important issue related to increased storage density is the tribological problem of the head/disk interface. The conventional head gimbal assembly (HGA) of the HDD is contact start/stop (CSS) mode which results in wear particles and debris. This may cause a serious problem for read/write function. In this work, we propose a new type of suspension featuring shape memory alloy (SMA) actuator in order to prevent the friction between the slider and the dksi. As a first step, a finite element analysis is undertaken to investigate modal characteristics of the proposed SMA-HGA. Using the principal modal parameters such as natural frequency, a control system model is established and sliding mode control algorithm to achieve non-contact start/stop (Non-CSS) mode is formulated. The control principle for accomplishing the Non-CSS mode is briefly discussed as follows. The control input is employed to SMA actuator before the disk rotates, and disconnected when the angular velocity of the disk is fully developed to have a certain flying height. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control system, one of conventional HGA is modified to integrate the SMA actuator. The control algorithm is experimentally realized and controlled motions for Non-CSS mode are presented in time domain.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 August 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4326, Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Modeling, Signal Processing, and Control in Smart Structures, (21 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.436492
Show Author Affiliations
SooCheol Lim, Inha Univ. (South Korea)
Jong-Sung Park, Inha Univ. (South Korea)
Seung-Bok Choi, Inha Univ. (South Korea)
Young-Pil Park, Yonsei Univ. (South Korea)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4326:
Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Modeling, Signal Processing, and Control in Smart Structures
Vittal S. Rao, Editor(s)

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