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Proceedings Paper

High-density interconnects for two-dimensional VCSEL arrays suitable for mass scale production
Author(s): John T. Gallo; James L. Hohman; Benjamin P. Ellerbusch; Robert J. Furmanak; L. M. Abbott; Douglas M. Graham; Christopher A. Schuetz; Bruce L. Booth
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Paper Abstract

Polymer waveguides provide cost effective interconnect solutions for high-volume applications required by the rapid growth in VCSEL array sizes and product demand. Multimode polymer waveguides 34-channels wide have been stacked in arrays 12-layers high with center-to-center waveguide spacing of 125 +/- 2 microns between layers and 90 +/- 2 microns within a layer. No measurable crosstalk between channels has been observed even when separation between multimode waveguides was reduced to a 4-micron gap. Flexible polymers provide an out-of-plane bend radius of less than 5 mm that simplifies VCSEL packaging requirements and volume. Transitioning the waveguide pitch within and between the polymer layers from 125 to 250 microns enables interface of high-density VCSEL arrays to standard fiber ribbons. Passive fiber pigtailing to 62.5/125 fibers was achieved with < 0.5 dB loss. Pigtailing can be avoided entirely by direct connectorization of the polymer waveguide arrays with industry standard MT connectors. Optical CrossLink's Guidelink polymer waveguide devices are made form sheets several hundred feet long. Waveguide's are formed using contact photolithography that requires no costly spin- coating, wet chemistry, embossing, modeling or etching techniques required by other planar waveguide fabrication processes. All required processes are suitable for automation with high-yield while at the same time drastically reducing the infrastructure required to produce devices. Currently, the equivalent of 100 six-inch wafers of planar waveguides can be produced in less than 2 days without automated machinery.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 July 2001
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4532, Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communication, (30 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.436022
Show Author Affiliations
John T. Gallo, Optical CrossLinks, Inc. (United States)
James L. Hohman, Optical CrossLinks, Inc. (United States)
Benjamin P. Ellerbusch, Optical CrossLinks, Inc. (United States)
Robert J. Furmanak, Optical CrossLinks, Inc. (United States)
L. M. Abbott, Optical CrossLinks, Inc. (United States)
Douglas M. Graham, Optical CrossLinks, Inc. (United States)
Christopher A. Schuetz, Optical CrossLinks, Inc. (United States)
Bruce L. Booth, Optical CrossLinks, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4532:
Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communication
Achyut Kumar Dutta; Abdul Ahad Sami Awwal; Niloy K. Dutta; Katsunari Okamoto, Editor(s)

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