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Proceedings Paper

Impact of flare on CD variation for 248-nm and 193-nm lithography systems
Author(s): Anatoly Bourov; Lloyd C. Litt; Lena Zavyalova
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Paper Abstract

All optical imaging systems have some amount of stray light, or flare, that detracts from system performance, critical dimension (CD) control, and process latitude. The effects of flare increase when multiple exposure processes, such as complementary phase shift, are used since this doubles the amount of exposure energy going through the optics. Flare was characterized on several modern KrF and ArF exposure tools using a direct method of measurement. Flare is determined by measuring the reduction in the size of a 160 nm line as it is subjected to increasing dose from a second 'flare' exposure. The amount of flare is determined using regression between experimental and modeled data. Lithography modeling was used to quantify the amount of flare responsible for CD variation. This method allows evaluation of CD control degradation on actual features that are sized close to production feature size. The effects of substrate reflectance and mask loading were also studied. The results were compared to a published large pad flare measurement technique in common use.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 September 2001
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 4346, Optical Microlithography XIV, (14 September 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.435677
Show Author Affiliations
Anatoly Bourov, Motorola and Rochester Institute of Technology (United States)
Lloyd C. Litt, Motorola (United States)
Lena Zavyalova, Motorola (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4346:
Optical Microlithography XIV
Christopher J. Progler, Editor(s)

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