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Proceedings Paper

Approach toward characterizing the fraction of all oxidation events that attack a particular site within cells during PDT
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Paper Abstract

This paper considers the fraction PDT-induced oxidizing radicals that react with a specific oxidizable target within a cell rather than with all possible oxidizable sites. There are many oxidizable sites within the cell, each with a different efficiency of oxidation (Y_ox_j) and a different in vivo concentration (C_iv_j). One measures the efficiency of oxidation of a single ith chemical species in vitro (Y_it_i), then measures the oxidation of the same species in vivo (Y_iv_i). The concentration of this ith species in vivo must be measured (C_iv_i). A convenient test chemical species is chosen, such as a photobleachable fluorophore. Then the in vivo yield is approximately: Y_iv_i = (C_iv_i*Y_it_i)/sum_all_j(C_iv_j*Y_iv_j) (eq.1). Rearranging to solve for the total oxidation: Sum_all_j(C_iv_j*Y_iv_j) = (C_iv_i*Y_it_i)/Y_iv_I (Eq.2) Once the sum_all_j() in Eq.2 is specified, one can measure the in vitro oxidation efficiency and the in vivo concentration of any ith species and use Eq.1 to predict the fraction of PDT_generated singlet oxygen that will attack that ith species in vivo. Of course, the above is only a first approximation toward a complex problem but is a beginning. This paper illustrates the experimental specification of the Y_ox_j for NADPh oxidation in a cuvette using the photosensitizer Photofrin.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 July 2001
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4257, Laser-Tissue Interaction XII: Photochemical, Photothermal, and Photomechanical, (9 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.434688
Show Author Affiliations
Steven L. Jacques, Oregon Medical Laser Ctr./Providence St. Vincent Medical Ctr. (United States)
Paulo R. Bargo, Oregon Medical Laser Ctr./Providence St. Vincent Medical Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4257:
Laser-Tissue Interaction XII: Photochemical, Photothermal, and Photomechanical
Donald Dean Duncan; Peter C. Johnson; Donald Dean Duncan; Steven L. Jacques; Peter C. Johnson, Editor(s)

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