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Proceedings Paper

Self-actuating fiber composites for auto-adaptive structures
Author(s): Neven Krstulovic-Opara; P. Wriggers; L. Krstulovic-Opara
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Paper Abstract

This paper explores a novel approach in developing auto- adaptive, High-Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (HPFRC)-based composite structures. This is achieved through the selective use of hybrid, self-actuating, Shape Memory Alloy-HPFRC composites (SMA-HPFRCCs). Previous use of `passive' HPFRCs in seismic retrofit and new construction resulted in excellent seismic performance. By combining `passive' FRC fibers with continuous or discontinuous SMA fibers, self-actuating SMA-HPFRCCs that can change their stress-strain response during loading, were recently developed. The paper presents results of a numerical investigation on the use of such SMA-HPFRCCs to develop highly energy absorbing, replaceable, `fuse' zones that adjust their response to the level of overload, and thus optimize overall system response to the different levels of seismic excitations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 July 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4330, Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Smart Systems for Bridges, Structures, and Highways, (30 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.434154
Show Author Affiliations
Neven Krstulovic-Opara, North Carolina State Univ. (United States)
P. Wriggers, Univ. Hannover (Germany)
L. Krstulovic-Opara, Univ. Hannover (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4330:
Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Smart Systems for Bridges, Structures, and Highways
S.-C. Liu, Editor(s)

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