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Proceedings Paper

Characterization of fine-grain piezoceramic stack actuators
Author(s): Christopher L. Davis; Donald G. Morris; Frederick T. Calkins
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Paper Abstract

Samples of fine grain piezoelectric ceramics (less than or equal to 1 micrometers ) exhibit increased mechanical strength and improved machinability over conventional materials, which should result in actuators which have increased reliability with fewer rejected parts. The focus of the work presented here is to compare the properties of several fine grain and conventional actuators provided by TRS Ceramics. Specimens are constructed of TRS200 (a PZT-5A or DOD Type II equivalent material) and TRS600 (a PZT-5H or DOD Type VI equivalent material). All of the actuators consist of ceramic wafers bonded together with electrodes between them to form a stack. Several actuator overall dimensions and two wafer thicknesses (250 micrometers and 500 micrometers ) are investigated as well as material which has been subjected to hot isopress. The two main figures of merit in the stack actuator comparisons are free strain and blocked stress. Strain and stress loops are measured under a variety of field levels, including negative fields up to the coercive limit (full butterfly loops were not performed). Also compared are values of energy density and hysteresis in the strain, stress and electric displacement vs. field loops. Stack longevity is addressed through duration tests in which stacks are used to drive representative mechanical impedance for an extended period. Results show that fine grain stacks completed 109 continuous actuation cycles with no sign of performance degradation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 July 2001
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4333, Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, (11 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.432785
Show Author Affiliations
Christopher L. Davis, The Boeing Co./Phantom Works (United States)
Donald G. Morris, The Boeing Co./Phantom Works (United States)
Frederick T. Calkins, The Boeing Co./Phantom Works (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4333:
Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics
Christopher S. Lynch, Editor(s)

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